Why Decentralized?

Source: On Distributed Communications Networks, Paul Baran, 1962

The World Wide Web is fragile. Links break and website content can disappear forever. The Web is not universally accessible. It is too easy for outside entities to censor connections, controlling what people can and cannot view on the Web. The Web is also not very private, exposing users to mass surveillance by corporations and governments. A Decentralized Web can address all of these problems by building in privacy, security and preservation by default, ensuring that websites are easily accessible to all as long as at least one person somewhere in the world is hosting a copy.

Science Fair

Take a deeper dive into the projects, protocols, and products that our speakers are working on. In SCIENCE FAIR, our panelists explain some of the decentralized projects now being developed.
At each Rebooting the Web of Trust event we collaboratively create white papers and specifications on topics that will have the greatest impact on the future of self-sovereign identity.

The Web of Trust is a buzzword for a new model of decentralized identity. It’s a phrase that dates back almost twenty-five years, the classic definition derives from PGP. But some use it as a term to include identity authentication & verification, certificate... Read more.
Christopher Allen
To build a new, secure Web.
Blockstack is an application stack for decentralized, server-less apps secured by the blockchain. Blockstack provides services for naming, identity, authentication, and storage without trusting any third-parties. Team Members: Muneeb Ali, Ryan Shea, Jude Nelson, Guy Lepage
Muneeb Ali
CoMakery allows communities of creators to share equity as easily as using currency
CoMakery is decentralized platform that rewards project creators for collaborating with each other. We enable tracking and trading of sweat equity with Ethereum tokens. We are integrating with DAOs and cryptocurrency exchanges. We are evolving new models for helping decentralizing collaborative... Read more.
Harlan T Wood
Dat Project
Dat is an open source, decentralized data tool for distributing datasets small and large.
Dat is an open source, decentralized data-sharing tool for versioning and syncing data. Inspired by the best parts of Git and BitTorrent, Dat shares data through a free, redundant network that assures the integrity and openness of data. It uses cryptographic fingerprinting to generate a unique... Read more.
Max Ogden
The Dat Project
Karissa McKelvey
The Dat Project
Lauren Garcia
Decentralization & Libraries
To help make connections between decentralized projects and potential civic partners in the form of libraries.
One of the challenges with decentralized projects is to find users to scale or stabilize the network. Libraries could provide stable, reliable platforms for decentralized projects that support the overall network and as entry points for community users.

This is brand new, and a new idea... Read more.
Jason Griffey
Berkman Center for Internet and Society
Decentralized Autonomous Society
Enabling autonomy via decentralized technology
The Decentralized Autonomous Society is a distributed thinktank that also has regular meetups in Palo Alto. It has the broad goal of facilitating new types of governance that are made possible via decentralized technologies. It was founded in the early days of Ethereum. Team Members: Joel Dietz,... Read more.
Joel Dietz
Decentralized Autonomous Society
To enable businesses and organisations to capitalise on blockchain technology and benefit from the new opportunities it presents.
Ethcore Ltd. was created to undertake and further exploit the use of blockchain technology for commercial, financial and institutional purposes. Its mission is to enable businesses and organisations to capitalise on blockchain technology and benefit from the new opportunities it presents. It was... Read more.
Dr. Gavin Wood
Marek Kotewicz
Explore monitoring and learning at the edges
This is an exploratory prototyping research project focused on decentralizing data collection, analysis, and monitoring. The hypothesis is that a radically decentralized, stream-oriented, functional-programming data architecture deployed at the edges of the Internet can support a wide-variety of... Read more.
David P. Reed
MIT Media Lab
Curating authentic signals in the accelerating noise: preservation and access to trustworthy collective memory.
A service, platform, app, and/or protocol (early R&D phase) for applying the archival and recordkeeping principles of authenticity, reliability, identity, and provenance to the emerging blend of peer-to-peer, IoT, Big Data, AI, robotics, virtual reality, genome and nano technologies which will make... Read more.
Peter Van Garderen
Artefactual Systems
Freenet is a decentralized distributed data store for censorship-resistant communication.
Freenet is free software which lets you anonymously share files, browse and publish "freesites" (web sites accessible only through Freenet) and chat on forums, without fear of censorship. Freenet is decentralised to make it less vulnerable to attack, and if used in "darknet" mode, where users only... Read more.
Michael Grube
Hyperledger Project
Blockchain technology stack focused on pluggable consensus mechanisms, smart contract vms, and security models
The Hyperledger Project is an open source collaborative project hosted by the Linux Foundation. Its goal is to foster the development of a blockchain platform that could be useful to a wide variety of use cases and related projects, by allowing certain parameters (choice of consensus mechanism,... Read more.
Brian Behlendorf
Hyperledger Project
We are bringing an open, collaborative annotation layer to the Web and all the knowledge therein.
Hypothesis brings universal (all content, all formats, all browsers and many native applications), in-place annotation to anything accessible on the web. We envision and enable an interoperable, shared layer over all knowledge where users can tag, comment on, and discuss documents, in public or in... Read more.
Dan Whaley
IPDB: The Interplanetary Database
A database for the decentralized stack (or world computer).
IPDB is a global database for everyone, everywhere. It is built with identity and creators in mind. It allows the management of personal data, reputation, and privacy, along with secure attribution, metadata, licensing, and links to media files. It’s also flexible: the ultimate... Read more.
Trent McConaghy
Greg McMullen
Alberto Granzotto
IPFS - The InterPlanetary File System
a next-generation hypermedia protocol to make the Web faster, safer, decentralized, and permanent.
IPFS -- the InterPlanetary File System -- is a next-generation web transport protocol to make the Web faster, safer, decentralized, and permanent. It is based on git, bittorrent, and other p2p systems. Content-addressed and signed hyperlinks allow web content and apps to be distributed peer-to-peer,... Read more.
Juan Benet
David Dias
Protocol Labs/IPFS
Jeromy Johnson
a people-focused alternative to the ‘corporate web’.
Your content is yours
When you post something on the web, it should belong to you, not a corporation. Too many companies have gone out of business and lost all of their users’ data. By joining the IndieWeb, your content stays yours and in your control.

You are better connected
Your... Read more.
Amber Case
Calm Technology
Kevin Marks
Dan Gillmor
Author, Tech Journalist
Send money to anyone, on any payment network or ledger, as easily as sending them a packet of data over the Internet.
Interledger is the protocol suite for connecting blockchains, payment networks, and other ledgers. Interledger enables payments between parties on different ledgers, meaning developers can build payments into other protocols and apps without being tied to a single payment provider or currency.... Read more.
Evan Schwartz
Stefan Thomas
To overcome the challanges induced by proprietary and centralized internet services by empowering users to be in full control over their data using free and open communication standards that promote decentralization.
Today's internet is dominated by proprietary and centralized services run by private corporations. Many of these companies generate their revenue with the data they receive from users: data is uploaded/stored by the client (the user) to the "cloud" (the service provider). The resulting ecosystem... Read more.
Fred Grosskopf
Joachim Lohkamp
Let's Encrypt/Certbot (EFF)
Encrypt the entire web.
Let’s Encrypt is a free, automated, and open certificate authority (CA), run for the public’s benefit. Let's Encrypt provides certificates automatically, for free, using an open standard.

Certbot is an easy-to-use automatic client that fetches and deploys SSL/TLS certificates for your... Read more.
Noah Swartz
EFF--Privacy Badger, Certbot
Jeremy Gillula
EFF--Privacy Badger, Certbot
Mediachain is a universal media library that utilizes content ID technology.
Every day billions of images, songs, videos, and written works are shared online, but they quickly lose connection to their creator or any information about them as they are reposted. What if all data about media was completely open and decentralized, and developers could utilize the technology... Read more.
Denis Nazarov
Arkadiy Kukarkin
Build a layer of the Internet that is a global public resource, open and accessible to all
Our mission is to ensure the Internet is a global public resource, open and accessible to all. An Internet that truly puts people first, where individuals can shape their own experience and are empowered, safe and independent.

At Mozilla, we’re a global community of technologists, thinkers... Read more.
Mitchell Baker
Mozilla Foundation & Corp, Executive Chairperson
Sean White
Mozilla Foundation
Decentralized naming system based on Bitcoin algorithms, code, and threat model
Namecoin is the first naming system that is simultaneously global (everyone gets the same result for the same lookup), decentralized (no central party decides which names map to which values), and human-meaningful (names aren't just a hash or something similarly opaque to humans). Previous naming... Read more.
Jeremy Rand
Nodesphere is an interoperability toolkit for creating and sharing
semantic graphs from a variety of data sources. Both a protocol and open
source codebase in early stage, it has three primary objectives:

1. Create interoperability among graph visualization interfaces

2.... Read more.
Harlan T Wood
SAFE Network
Security and privacy focused decentralized storage and communications platform
The SAFE Network is a decentralized network with user privacy and data security as its core. A decade of research and development has culminated into a platform which securely and anonymously distributes data globally while providing a sustainable economic system for the resources contributed by the... Read more.
Paige Peterson
Development Framework for building Decentralized Real-time Collaborative Apps
Building decentralized software is hard. Development frameworks are built thinking in centralized apps, moreover when thinking of collaborative apps. SwellRT is a development framework for building decentralized real-time collaborative apps, very easily and avoiding extra code to the developer.... Read more.
Samer Hassan
Berkman Center / P2Pvalue
distributed encrypted storage
Tahoe-LAFS (https://tahoe-lafs.org) is a system to store files and directories across multiple untrusted servers. Data is redundantly erasure-coded to be available even if some servers fail, and is encrypted to prevent server operators from learning or modifying your files.

Tahoe was first... Read more.
Brian Warner
Zooko Wilcox
Zcash/ Tahoe-LAFS
The Tor Project
Tor provides anonymity, privacy, and censorship circumvention technology.
The Tor Project produces anonymity software that makes use of the Tor anonymity network. The Tor Network is a collection of thousands of relays run by volunteers all over the world.

Our most popular piece of software is the Tor Browser - a Firefox-based Tor-enabled web browser with... Read more.
Mike Perry
Torrents in your web browser
What is WebTorrent?

WebTorrent is the first torrent client that works in the browser. YEP, THAT'S RIGHT. THE BROWSER.

It's written completely in JavaScript – the language of the web – and uses WebRTC for true peer-to-peer transport. No browser plugin, extension, or installation is... Read more.
Feross Aboukhadijeh
DC Posch
censorship-resistant money, smart contracts, and shared database
Zcash is a cryptocurrency with selective transparency. Transactions that are posted to the blockchain are encrypted, and the creator of the transaction can disclose the decryption keys to selected parties so that they can see the contents of the transaction.

Everyone else can see only an... Read more.
Zooko Wilcox
Zcash/ Tahoe-LAFS
Real-time updated, decentralized web pages
ZeroNet allows you to create decentralized, P2P and real-time updated websites using Bitcoin's cryptography and the BitTorrent network.
One of the main goal of the project is providing fast and enjoyable user experience without any configuration or technical needs.

For more complex... Read more.
Tamas Kocsis

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